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Gemstone Facts


People often do not consider the fact that gemstones are just a bunch of colorful stones and rocks polished and precisely cut to be made into jewelry.  Attractive as they seem, these stones are usually minerals dug out of the planet, while others of lesser quality are either tossed out or sent off to crystal collectors.  However, jeweled gemstones possess certain characteristics that make them valuable to those who adore them.

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These crafted rocks go a long way from being mined to being cut for the jewelry counter.  They have soft textures but the majority of the rocks used in jewelry are hard.  Lustrous ones are also used for jewelry-making.  These gemstones are classified as either semi-precious or precious. There are also gemstones which are used for therapeutic or aesthetic purposes.

Who identifies gemstones?

Gemologists are the ones who identify stones.  They have the authority to describe the minerals using terminologies within the scope of gemology.  These specialists are the ones who assign certain gemstone characteristics and identify them according to their composition as chemicals.

How are they characterized and what are their classifications?

Gemstones are characterized through:
  • Chemical composition
  • Dispersion
  • Cleavage
  • Refractive index
  • Specific gravity
  • Hardness
  • Fracture
  • Luster
Gemstones may exhibit double refraction, luminescence and a particular spectrum that is distinct from other typical stones.  Gems may have flaws that are presented as inclusions.

Classifications may vary.  They may be introduced as the cubic crystal system, trigonal crystal system and the monoclinic crystal system.  But the general approach for classifying is according to varieties, species and groups.

Gemstone values.

Mineral value would most likely depend on the rarity of the stone and how hard it is to find.  The more exotic and difficult the location where the stone was found, the more expensive it is to purchase.

The most valuable gemstone of all time is the diamond.  Amounting up to millions of dollars, diamonds are priced based its properties which would be its brilliance and defiance.  Unlike other gemstones, the diamond has its purpose.  This magnificent yet available resource can cut through glass without being broken into tiny pieces.


A gemstone's value is based on its characteristic and rarity.  It all depends on how clarity is shown, the cut and phenomena to its optical reasons.  Great demand in the market lessens the price of the gemstone unless situations may occur.  Example, the diamond would be a need by millions, yet the supply offers only thousands.

With this kind of situation, distributors can increase the price of the material.  It is only when the stone is that scarce that people tend to adjust its value.  But other than that, there are a wide variety of gemstones these days.  Some are surprisingly cheap.  Some of the most precious stones are the emerald, ruby, opal and sapphire and are precious enough to reach such a surprising amount.

To determine the value of a particular gemstone, water is used.  Water is referred to as the combination of different colors and transparencies marked in gemstones.  First water would pertain to the finest of all stones. Bye water would be the opposite of the latter.

Size and weight also matters when predicting a price of a particular stone.  In our era, gemstones are placed on a pedestal as material fashion.  Designers have used such stones to include in their artwork thus making it priceless and elegant in such a manner.

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